Read The Greek Myths, Volume 1 Online

Authors: Robert Graves

The Greek Myths, Volume 1

PENGUIN BOOKS

THE GREEK MYTHS

VOLUME ONE

Robert Graves was born in 1895 in Wimbledon, son of Alfred Percival Graves, the Irish writer, and Amalia Von Ranke. He went from school to the First World War, where he became a captain in the Royal Welch Fusiliers. His principal calling was poetry, and his
Selected Poems
have been published in Penguin Twentieth-Century Classics. Apart from a year as Professor of English Literature at Cairo University in 1926 he earned his living by writing, mostly historical novels, which include
I, Claudius
;
Claudius the God
;
Sergeant Lamb of the Ninth
;
Count Belisarius
;
Wife to Mr Milton
;
Proceed, Sergeant Lamb
;
The Golden Fleece
;
They Hanged My Saintly Billy
; and
The Isles of Unwisdom
. He wrote his autobiography,
Goodbye to All That
, in 1929 and it rapidly established itself as a modern classic.
The Times Literary Supplement
acclaimed it as ‘one of the most candid self-portraits of a poet, warts and all, ever painted’, as well as being of exceptional value as a war document. His two most discussed non-fiction books are
The White Goddess
, which presents a new view of the poetic impulse, and
The Nazarine Gospel Restored
(with Joshua Podro), a re-examination of primitive Christianity. He translated Apuleius, Lucan, and Suetonius for the Penguin Classics series, and compiled the first modern dictionary of Greek Mythology,
The Greek Myths
. His translation of
The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám
(with Omar Ali-Shah) is also published in Penguin. He was elected Professor of Poetry at Oxford in 1961, and made an Honorary Fellow of St John’s College, Oxford, in 1971.

Robert Graves died on 7 December 1985 in Majorca, his home since 1929. On his death
The Times
wrote of him,
‘He will be remembered for his achievements as a prose stylist, historical novelist and memorist, but above all as the great paradigm of the dedicated poet, “the greatest love poet in English since Donne”.’

ROBERT GRAVES

THE GREEK MYTHS

VOLUME ONE

PENGUIN BOOKS

PENGUIN BOOKS

Published by the Penguin Group

Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England

Penguin Putnam Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USA

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Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England

www.penguin.com

First published 1955

Reprinted with amendments 1957

Revised edition 1960

25

Copyright © Robert Graves, 1955, 1960

All rights reserved

Except in the United States of America, this book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser

ISBN: 978-0-14-195965-8

CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE

FOREWORD
INTRODUCTION
1.
THE PELASGIAN CREATION MYTH
2.
THE HOMERIC AND ORPHIC CREATION MYTHS
3.
THE OLYMPIAN CREATION MYTH
4.
TWO PHILOSOPHICAL CREATION MYTHS
5.
THE FIVE AGES OF MAN
6.
THE CASTRATION OF URANUS
7.
THE DETHRONEMENT OF CRONUS
8.
THE BIRTH OF ATHENE
9.
ZEUS AND METIS
10.
THE FATES
11.
THE BIRTH OF APHRODITE
12.
HERA AND HER CHILDREN
13.
ZEUS AND HERA
14.
BIRTHS OF HERMES
,
APOLLO
,
ARTEMIS
,
AND DIONYSUS
15.
THE BIRTH OF EROS
16.
POSEIDON

S NATURE AND DEEDS
17.
HERMES

S NATURE AND DEEDS
18.
APHRODITE

S NATURE AND DEEDS
19.
ARES

S NATURE AND DEEDS
20.
HESTIA

S NATURE AND DEEDS
21.
APOLLO

S NATURE AND DEEDS
22.
ARTEMIS

S NATURE AND DEEDS
23.
HEPHAESTUS

S NATURE AND DEEDS
24.
DEMETER

S NATURE AND DEEDS
25.
ATHENE

S NATURE AND DEEDS
26.
PAN

S NATURE AND DEEDS
27.
DIONYSUS

S NATURE AND DEEDS
28.
ORPHEUS
29.
GANYMEDES
30.
ZAGREUS
31.
THE GODS OF THE UNDERWORLD
32.
TYCHE AND NEMESIS
33.
THE CHILDREN OF THE SEA
34.
THE CHILDREN OF ECHIDNE
35.
THE GIANTS

REVOLT
36.
TYPHON
37.
THE ALOEIDS
38.
DEUCALION

S FLOOD
39.
ATLAS AND PROMETHEUS
40.
EOS
41.
ORION
42.
HELIUS
43.
THE SONS OF HELLEN
44.
ION
45.
ALCYONE AND CEYX
46.
TEREUS
47.
ERECHTHEUS AND EUMOLPUS
48.
BOREAS
49.
ALOPE
50.
ASCLEPIUS
51.
THE ORACLES
52.
THE ALPHABET
53.
THE DACTYLS

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