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Authors: Voting for Hitler,Stalin; Elections Under 20th Century Dictatorships (2011)

Jessen & Richter (Eds.)

Voting for Hitler and Stalin

Ralph Jessen
is professor of modern history at the University of Cologne, Germany.
Hedwig Richter
is a postdoctoral research assistant at the University of Greifswald, Germany.

Ralph Jessen, Hedwig Richter (eds.)

Voting for Hitler and Stalin

Elections Under 20th Century Dictatorships

Campus Verlag

Frankfurt/New York

Printed with a subsidy by the Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur

and the Fritz Tyssen Foundation

Bibliographic Information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek.

The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available in the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de

ISBN 978-3-593-39489-3

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

Copyright © 2011 Campus Verlag GmbH, Frankfurt am Main

Cover illustration:
For the people’s happiness!
Poster by Viktor Semyonovich Ivanov, Soviet political agitation art, 1950, Russian State Library, Moscow. © culture-images/fai

Cover design: Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main

Printing office and bookbinder: Beltz Druckpartner, Hemsbach

Printed on acid free paper.

Printed in Germany

For further information:

www.campus.de

www.press.uchicago.edu

Contents

Introduction

Non-Competitive Elections in 20th Century Dictatorships:

Some Questions and General Considerations.................................................. 9

Ralph Jessen and Hedwig Richter

I Legitimacy

The Self-Staging of a Plebiscitary Dictatorship: The NS-Regime

Between “Uniformed
Reichstag
”, Referendum and
Reichsparteitag
................39

Markus Urban

Popular Sovereignty and Constitutional Rights in the USSR’s

Supreme Soviet Elections of February 1946 ...................................................59

Mark B. Smith

Integration, Celebration, and Challenge: Soviet Youth and Elections,

1953–1968 ............................................................................................................81

Gleb Tsipursky

Mass Obedience: Practices and Functions of Elections

in the German Democratic Republic..............................................................103

Hedwig Richter

Elections in Modern Dictatorships: Some Analytical Considerations ......126

Werner J. Patzelt

6

CONTENTS

II Discipline

The Great Soviet Paradox: Elections and Terror in the Unions,

1937–1938 ............................................................................................................. 147

Wendy Z. Goldman

Plebiscites in Fascist Italy: National Unity and the Importance

of the Appearance of Unity ............................................................................173

Paul Corner

Works Council Elections in Czechoslovakia, 1948–1968 ..........................186

Peter Heumos

Faking It: Neo-Soviet Electoral Politics in Central Asia ............................204

Donnacha Ó Beacháin

III Dissent and Loyalty

Elections, Plebiscitary Elections, and Plebiscites in Fascist Italy

and Nazi-Germany: Comparative Perspectives ...........................................231

Enzo Fimiani

“Germany Totally National Socialist”—National Socialist

Reichstag
Elections and Plebiscites, 1933–1938: The Example

of Schleswig-Holstein .......................................................................................254

Frank Omland

Elections in the Soviet Union, 1937–1989: A View into

a Paternalistic World from Below ..................................................................276

Stephan Merl

“The People’s Voice”: The Elections to the Supreme Soviet

of the USSR in 1958 in the Belarusian Capital Minsk .................................309

Thomas M. Bohn

Contributors ........................................................................................................337

Index.....................................................................................................................341

Introduction

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